The Gran Canal, in Italy called the Canal Grande, is a large S shaped canal, which flows through Venice. It's the main corridor for water-traffic through the city. One end of the canal flows into the lagoon next to the St. Lucia railway station and the other end leads to Saint Mark Basin. The important corridor divides Venice in central districts. The Gran Canal is 3,800 m long and the width varies between 30 and 90 meters. The average depth amounts to 5 meters.
Along the canal, many of the important buildings are located. They were supposed to represent the welfare of Venice's population and it's amazing art. Several palazzos, amongst others the Palazzi Barbaro, the Palazzo Dario and the Palazzo Barbarigo are situated at the side of the Grand Canal. In the past only one bridge functioned as a connection between both sides of Venice, the Rialto bridge. The reason was that most of the traffic lead along the canal and not across it. Nowadays, there are three more bridges. Namely, the Ponte degli Scalzi, the Ponte della Costituzione and the Ponte dell'Accademia.
Of course, the canal can still be visited from water. Gondolas, ferries, water taxis and water busses use the canal as the main road. Therefore, tourists often catch a typical gondola to see the Grand Canal from another perspective. The view is spectacular, since a huge amount of important buildings is located around the canal.