In English the ‘Altar of the Nation’, was made in honour of Victor Emmanuel II, the first king of United Italy. Inside the building you can visit a museum telling the story of the unification of Italy.
The monument was designed by Giuseppe Sacconi in 1885 inaugurated in 1911 and completed in 1935. The monument is built of pure white marble from Botticino, Brescia, and features majestic stairways, tall Corinthian columns, fountains, a huge equestrian sculpture of Victor Emmanuel and two statues of the goddess Victoria riding on quadrigas. The structure is 135 m (443 ft) wide and 70 m (230 ft) high. If the quadrigae and winged victories are included, the height is to 81 m (266 ft).
The base of the structure houses the museum of Italian Reunification. In 2007, a panoramic elevator was added to the structure, allowing visitors to ride up to the roof for 360 degree views of Rome.