This Egyptian temple near Plaza de España once stood in the Valley of the Nile, 31km (19 miles) from Aswan. When the new dam threatened the temple, the Egyptian government dismantled and presented it to Spain. Taken down stone by stone in 1969 and 1970, it was shipped to Valencia and taken by rail to Madrid, where it was reconstructed and opened to the public in 1971. Photos upstairs depict the temple's long history. The museum is located in the open garden area adjoining Pintor Rosales Avenue close to the Parque del Oeste, with panoramic views west to the Casa de Campo and north west to the Sierra de Guadarrama.
The Templo de Debod is situated next to a large pool in a park with fine views of Almudena Cathedral and the city of Madrid. It is beautifully illuminated at night, with its image reflected in the water. The park surrounding the temple is one of the best places in Madrid to watch (and photograph) the sunset.