Towards the end of the eighteenth century, at the initiative of Pietro Leopoldo of Lorraine, some rooms of the hospital of St. Matthew and the convent of St. Nicholas of Cafaggio were destined for a new use: bringing ancient institutions, including the Academy of Arts and Design, founded by Cosimo I de 'Medici, Grand Duke gave birth to the new Academy of Fine Arts.
The Academy was created with the intent to be a place of study and observation, thanks to a tunnel that would house works of art imitating sender by students.
Leopold began to gather works of great artistic importance, and with Florence capital of Italy (1865-1871), a new collection of 146 artworks entered the Academy.
Today, however, the Accademy Gallery is known throughout the world for a reason: here is one of the most famous art works in the history of universal art, Michelangelo's David.
Initially the statue was exhibited in Piazza della Signoria, but in 1873 it was decided to move it in the Gallery to preserve it. Commissioned in 1501 by the Opera del Duomo as a symbol of freedom of the Florentine Republic from papal and foreign domination, the statue is considered the supreme symbol of the Renaissance and the most beautiful object art that has ever been created by man.
Michelangelo took 3 years to carve the big block of marble from which he created the imposing statue of David, 5 meters high. David is just standing before facing Goliath: he represents the absolute ideal of male beauty, as Venus embodies the feminine beauty. The Florentines have the pride to host both these canons of artistic beauty in its museums.
Michelangelo's David is considered one of the masterpieces of the artist. The Accademia Gallery is home to other important works.
Credits Pics Flickr Gallery: Jerry7171 - @raulds - grahamwell